Saturday, December 28, 2019

Different Forms Of Matrix Organization Essay - 1811 Words

Project management can take on a variety of applications and systems, making it difficult to find a consent concise definition within literature. However, Cleland and King (1983) succinctly define project management as a â€Å"combination of human and nonhuman resources pulled together in a ‘temporary’ organization to achieve a specific purpose† (Cleland King, 1983, p. 187). Galbraith (1971) characterised a continuum of project management systems. At one end is ‘functional organisation’, which is regarded as more traditional, through to ‘product organisation’. Existing in the middle is ‘matrix organisation’, a hybrid of either end of the spectrum (see fig. 1). Three different forms of matrix organisation are identified in literature: ‘functional matrix’, ‘balanced matrix’, and ‘project matrix’ (Gobeli Larson, 1986; Vasconcellos Hemsley, 1981; Youker, 1977). Each of the project manage ment systems establishes distinctive associations between the various participants in a project. However, there is currently no evidence to suggest a single superior project management system. Rather the project and functional managers in a project management system are what drives the successfulness of a project, and are intrinsically connected to the project organisational culture. The project management system ‘functional organisation’ is, as stated previously, the more traditional organisational system. It is where an existing organization is separated into segments and projects areShow MoreRelatedManagement929 Words   |  4 Pagescater for all management structures I will have in place. I would also need to be widely diversified in my operations in order to spur growth. To maintain an effective management system, there will also be a need for effective coordination among the different stores. For this approach to meet its target of measuring up to the competition provided by established companies like Abercrombie and Fitch, each of my company’s stores will have a relatively autonomous management structure but major decision-makingRead MoreHBS General Motors essay786 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿What are the challenges of managing a matrix organization like GM’s basketweave? How has GM chosen to address these challenges? GM’s basketweave structure fits into a simultaneous organization structure perfectly. The purpose of implementing this matrix structure is to achieving both differentiation and integration within different regional segments and also within functional units. The new structure will help â€Å"to overhaul processes and reduce overlapping product lines, eliminating similar, oftenRead MoreProject Planning: Questions1450 Words   |  6 Pagessuccessful project. a. stakeholders c. team members b. end users d. functional managers ____ 2. The ____ focuses on different groups’ roles and responsibilities in order to meet the goals and policies set by top management. a. structural frame c. symbolic frame b. political frame d. human resources frame ____ 3. During project planning in a matrix organization, the project manager determines that additional human resources are needed. From whom would he request these resources? Read MoreLateral Structures, Organic Systems, And Professional Organizations890 Words   |  4 Pagesinformation for organizations. 3 Different lateral structural arrangements used within organizations that exclude project teams, matrix structures, organic systems, and professional organizations. 4 Formal and Informal Meetings 4 Committees 5 Coordinating Roles 5 Task Forces 6 Self-Managing Teams 6 Network Structures 7 Adhocracy Structure 7 Cross Functional Teams 7 Integrated Management Teams 8 Process Based Structure 9 Management’s Insinuation of Lateral Structured Arrangements within Organizations 9 ReferencesRead MorePrimary Project Management Organizational Structures1604 Words   |  7 Pagesstructures A project organization is a structure that facilitates the coordination and implementation of project activities. Its main reason is to create an environment that fosters interactions among the team members with a minimum amount of disruptions, overlaps and conflict (pm4dev, 2007).Selecting the organization structure is one of the most important points to start any project. On the basis of unique characteristics of the project, each project structure various forms its own advantages andRead MoreContingency Theory727 Words   |  3 PagesNATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENT TO WHICH THE ORGANIZATION RELATES.† William Richard Scott CONTINGENCY THEORY TELLS US THAT AN ORGANIZATION IS MOST EFFECTIVE WHEN IT ADAPTS AND FITS ITSELF TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS. CONTINGENCY THEORY IN A NUTSHELL ï‚ § Organizations are open systems that need careful management to satisfy and balance internal needs and to adapt to environmental circumstances ï‚ § There is no one best way of organizing. The appropriate form depends on the kind of task or environmentRead MoreChange Management Essay936 Words   |  4 PagesChange is an integral part of any organization that needs to keep abreast of its competitors in the business. It is important since it is the process through which an organization embraces new ideas or technology for running a business and quits using old-fashioned ways that have proved not to be working. The process of change management is a very crucial one since it determines the success or failure of the change. People fear change, and it is very important that steps are taken towards makingRead MoreProcter Gamble s Organizational Structure1150 Words   |  5 Pagesa major consumer goods manufacturing company that is a global corporation. Whereas, they manufacture products such as paper towels, diapers, laundry and dish detergents, soaps and shampoos, and cosmetics such as make-up. With such an array of differ ent products and sheer size, from top to bottom Proctor Gamble’s organizational structure is huge. Thus, there is a multitude of factors that determine the organizational structure at Proctor Gamble. In the following, Proctor Gamble’s organizationalRead MoreEssay on Project Management1166 Words   |  5 PagesFunctional, Matrix, and Dedicated Team Approaches to Managing Projects These team approaches have all different set of advantages and disadvantages to them. The major difference between the three is that functional team approach is â€Å"employed† totally from within the parent organization. Functional approaches have absolutely no cost to them and provide more than adequate flexibility in the use of staff. However, its disadvantages include poor integration and a distinct lack of ownership that doesRead MorePrinciples of Organization1040 Words   |  5 PagesPrinciples of Organization These four broad principles have many variations and considered as exclusive principles of organization which are as under: Chronological Order (order of Time) In  chronological order  or  time order, items, events, or even ideas are arranged in the order in which they occur. This pattern is marked by such transitions as  next, then, the following morning, a few hours later, still later, that Wednesday, by noon, when she was seventeen, before the sun rose, that April

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